“You sorted my cartilage tears in both knees so well that I have just done the Berlin Marathon, the Basingstoke Half Marathon and today the Chicago Marathon.”

Knee cartilage injuries

Within the knee joint, the cartilage – the joint surface covering the ends of the bones – acts as a shock absorber that cushions the bones, allowing them to move smoothly. It can become damaged through arthritis or by an accident where the meniscus is torn during sports such as tennis, hockey, football or skiing.

What are the symptoms of a knee cartilage injury?

If a fragment of cartilage is damaged or breaks away, it can cause:

  • Pain, swelling and stiffness in the knee
  • A sensation of grinding or clicking in the joint when it moves
  • Difficulty carrying out everyday activities such as walking, climbing stairs, bending, squatting and kneeling
  • Knee instability (when your knee feels unstable and/or gives way)
  • The joint catching or locking when you bend or straighten your knee

How is a knee cartilage injury diagnosed?

Adrian will discuss your symptoms with you and examine your knee to check for tenderness, stiffness, swelling and any difficulties with movement. In most cases, he will arrange for you to have an X-ray to confirm the diagnosis. He may also arrange for you to have a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan to examine any damage to the cartilage. In some cases, you may have keyhole surgery to examine the joint in more detail.

What is the treatment for a knee cartilage injury?

Treatment options depend on a number of factors, including how much the damage is affecting your everyday life and activities.


Adrian sees patients in Harley Street, London, Hampshire and Windsor.

To find out more or to book an appointment, complete this form, call us on + 44 (0) 203 397 7779 or email